Russia was geographically isolated from the munitions and supplies that would otherwise have come from the Allies. Despite Russia’s great resources in agriculture and potential for industry, transportation was inadequate from the beginning, and when the trains were used to move troops, food shortages developed in the cities. Losses in battle were staggering from the first; the Russians suffered nearly 4 million casualties during the first year of war.
The Russian Revolution of 1917
Though Russia was shaken by domestic crisis in 1914, the country greeted the outbreak of World War I with demonstrations of national patriotism.
The Duma supported the war, while the left-wing parties abstained from voting for war loans but offered to assist the national defense.
Yet it was the war and the regime’s failure to deal with the crises it provoked that precipitated revolution.